What is Racism?
Racism is an ideology of Racial domination in which the presumed biological or cultural superiority of one or more racial groups is used to justify or prescribe the inferior treatment or social position of other racial groups.
("Sociology of Racism" from International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Science)
What Does Racism Look Like?
Microaggressions -- Racial Microaggressions are commonplace verbal or behavioral indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative slights and insults often race-based.
Color Blindness -- Colorblindness is the racial ideology that posits the best way to end discrimination is by treating individuals as equally as possible, without regard to race, culture, or ethnicity. This not only amounts to a dismissal of the lived experiences of people of color but also suggests that racism does not exist so long as one ignores it. At face value, colorblindness seems like a good thing -- actually living up to Dr. King's ideal of judging people on the content of their character rather than the color of their skin. However, colorblindness alone is not sufficient to combat racism or heal racial wounds on a national or personal level. It is only a half measure that, in the end, operates as a form of racism. (From PsychologyToday.com)
What is an Anti - Racism?
Anti-racism can be any strategies, theories, actions, and practices that challenge and counter racism, inequalities, prejudices, and discrimination based on race. In Ibram X Kendi's book, How to be an Antiracist, Kendi combines ethics, history, law, and science with a personal narrative to describe how to move beyond the awareness of racism and contribute to making society just and equitable. In this video clip in the next box , he describes the difference between being an anti-racist as opposed to being not racist.
"The everyday verbal, nonverbal, and environmental slights, snubs, or insults, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative messages to target persons based solely upon their marginalized group membership. In many cases, these hidden messages may invalidate the group identity or experiential reality of target persons, demean them on a personal or group level, communicate they are lesser human beings, suggest they do not belong with the majority group, threaten and intimidate, or relegate them to inferior status and treatment."
A brief explanation of system racism, its effects, and what you can do about it.
Duration: 5 minutes
"In a Racist society, it is not enough to be non-racist we must be antiracist."
- Angela Davis, Political Activist
A brief explanation of implicit bias and its effects.
Duration: 3 minutes
Diversity advocate Vernā Myers looks closely at some of the subconscious attitudes we hold toward out-groups.
Duration: 18 minutes
Professor Ibram X. Kendi briefly explains the concept behind his book, "How To Be An Antiracist."
Duration: 2 minutes
A series of "uncomfortable conversations" between author and former professional football player Emmanuel Acho and guests about racism, systemic racism, and social injustice. Guests include Matthew McConaughey, Chip & Joanna Gaines, and NFL commissioner Roger Goodell.
Click Here to access the 12 episode series.