Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citing Sources - Chicago/Turabian

This guide will assist with citations and format for Chicago/Turabian

Chicago/Turabian

Most history and political science research papers give credit to sources following the Chicago/Turabian style.  This guide provides a brief overview of the basic formatting patterns used in this citation style and provides examples from types of sources most commonly used by college students.

What is Chicago/Turabian Style?

Chicago/Turabian citation style uses footnotes at the bottom of each page to give credit to sources within the body of the paper, and a bibliography to list all of the cited sources at the end of the paper.  The way you cite a source in a footnote differs slightly from the format you use when listing the source in the bibliography.  

  • In footnotes (see Footnotes tab for more details): 
    • List author names in standard order (first name last name). 
    • Indent the first line of footnotes, including the footnote number, by ½ inch. 
    • Include at the end of each footnote the page number or page range where the cited information can be found. 
    • Notes should be single-spaced, with an extra blank line between notes. 
  • In bibliography citations (see Bibliography tab for more details):
    • Reverse the first author name (last name, first name) only. Names of any additional authors should not be reversed. 
    • Indent the second line and any subsequent lines (use a hanging indent to format quickly) by ½ inch. 
    • Page numbers or page ranges are only included in bibliography entries if the source is a smaller work within a larger one (e.g. a single chapter of a book or a single article within a journal). 
    • Bibliography citations should be single-spaced, with an extra space between entries on the bibliography page. 

Additional Help for Chicago / Turabian

Looking for more clarification and details with Chicago? 

Check out Perdue Owl's Chicago/Turabian Formatting and Style Guide

Logo for Perdue Owl